Labor Force

Highly Productive Young Professionals

Lower housing costs and Solano’s urban-country-waterfront mix attract a diverse, growing population of young professionals who call Solano County home. Many of these residents currently commute to Bay Area jobs, making them an ideal match for businesses seeking to scale outside the more expensive economic centers around San Francisco and Silicon Valley. These are employees that companies love — Solano businesses surveyed in 2016 gave their employees a high productivity rating (4 out of 5).

Laborshed

2.8 million workers in a 50-mile radius. As the Bay Area’s northeast county, Solano has the potential to draw from a huge labor pool. Inbound commuters can take Amtrak’s Capitol Corridor train which makes multiple runs from the Bay Area and Sacramento.

Within the county, there are 107,000 outbound commuters who could work closer to home. 

  • Out-commuters work in construction, manufacturing, healthcare and government.
  • 16.2% of out-commuters have a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Labor Force and Unemployment
June 2016Total Labor ForceNumber UnemployedUnemployment Rate
Solano County211,50011,3005.3%
Laborshed Area2,816,200135,5004.8%
2015 Avg. Annual
Solano County206,60012,6006.1%
Laborshed Area2,313,400138,0005.1%
2014 Avg. Annual
Solano County204,00015,3007.5%
Laborshed Area2,746,900192,1006.6%

Source: California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division, Current & Historical Unemployment Rate & Labor Force and Monthly Labor Force Data for Cities and Designated Places data tables, Sept 2016
Laborshed Area includes: Alameda, Contra Costa, Napa, Sacramento, San Francisco, and Yolo Counties with commute

distance of <50 miles and identified commute patterns by Census, (http://onthemap.ces.census.gov/)

Commute Patterns

Commute Patterns
  Distribution of workers by percent
Commute TimeNumber of WorkersLocalStateU.S. 
Less than 15 minutes49,16828.0%23.9%27.4%
15 to 29 minutes52,89230.0%35.9%36.4%
30 to 44 minutes30,84717.5%21.6%20.1%
45 to 59 minutes16,9229.6%8.2%7.8%
60 or more minutes26,09615.0%10.5%8.3%
Estimated Average Travel Time to Work33 min.30 min.28 min.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2014, Table B08012, July 2017

 

Outbound/Inbound Commute Patterns - 2014
LocationOutbound WorkersInound WorkersDistance Miles
Sacramento Metro19,30015,40025 - 45
North Bay Counties20,9009,50019 - 50
San Francisco &
San Mateo Counties
16,6004,50047 - 64
East & South Bay Counties43,50019,00027 - 64
San Joaquin County2,7503,03030 - 53
Other4,9398,584 
Total Daily Commuters107,98960,014 
Source: Inflow/Outflow Analysis, 2014, (http://onthemap.ces.census.gov/) and MSF II Task 3.4 Laborshed, prepared by Economic Forensics; Point to Point Distances: Destination Solano County Offices, Fairfield

 

Occupational Distribution of Commuters - Share of Totals (%)
Occupational CategoriesLive and Work in Solano CountyOutbound CommutersInbound Commuters
Total Workers in Each Commute Category62,431117,16764,786
% of Total Workers 
Management10.0%11.3%8.2%
Business and Financial Operations6.5%4.9%3.8%
Computer and mathematical2.8%2.9%1.3%
Architecture and Engineering2.0%1.6%0.8%
Life, Physical, and Social Science1.2%1.7%0.7%
Community and Social Service1.8%2.5%2.0%
Legal0.8%1.0%0.9%
Education and Training2.7%4.8%5.2%
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media1.2%1.7%1.2%
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical7.7%9.5%6.2%
Healthcare Support2.7%1.8%3.2%
Protective Service3.2%3.4%3.1%
Food Preparation and Serving Related2.5%3.0%7.4%
Building/Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance2.4%2.1%3.8%
Personal Care and Service3.1%2.1%5.8%
Sales and Related7.2%8.2%12.8%
Office and Administrative Support14.6%10.0%15.4%
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry1.3%1.3%0.8%
Construction and Extraction8.2%7.8%4.1%
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair5.2%5.6%2.5%
Production/Manufacturing6.0%5.2%5.6%
Transportation and Material Moving6.9%7.6%5.2%
Source: American Community Survey, 2014 (Factfinder.census.gov)

Labor Costs

Lower average wages. Housing costs in Solano County are half that of the metro region, and the lower cost of living is reflected in lower average wage rates for many occupations. Your business may be able to reduce hiring or training costs through programs described in the Business & Industry Groups

Wages by Selected Occupations
Management, Business & FinancialSOC Code*Starting WageExperienced Wage
Accountant & Auditor13-2011$28.73$45.17
Computer & Info Systems Manager11-3021$37.57$66.87
Human Resource Specialist13-1071$26.77$44.20
Human Resources Manager11-3121$43.29$67.57
Industrial Productions Manager11-3051$37.56$56.79
Labor Relations Specialist13-1075$30.43$47.60
Purchasing Agent (ex wholesale, retail & farm)13-1023$24.19$43.09
Sales Manager11-2022$22.41$53.57
Office Administration & SupportSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk43-3031$16.19$25.60
Customer Service Rep43-4051$15.18$23.37
Data Entry Keyer43-9021$13.51$22.44
Executive Secretary & Administrative Assistant43-6011$20.81$31.83
Info & Records Clerk43-4199$21.09$26.28
Payroll & Timekeeping Clerk43-3051$18.10$26.40
Secretary (ex legal, medical)43-6014$14.62$22.95
Shipping, Receiving, Traffic Clerk43-5071$13.32$24.84
Supervisor of Officer Workers43-1011$20.95$34.46
Computer & Information TechnologySOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Computer Programmer15-1131$40.21$57.22
Network & Computer Systems Administrator15-1142$31.81$49.85
Architecture & EngineeringSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Architectural & Civil Drafter17-3011$17.36$30.16
Civil Engineer17-2051$35.19$57.86
Electrical & Electronic Engineering Technician17-3023$27.77$53.00
Electronics Engineer (ex computer)17-2072$25.40$46.08
Mechanical Engineer17-2141$34.88$54.00
Construction & MaintenanceSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Auto Service Mechanic & Technician49-3023$15.09$23.43
Carpenter47-2031$22.17$35.66
Construction Laborer47-2061$15.44$26.31
Electrician47-2111$24.77$43.19
Equipment Operator47-2073$29.10$40.55
Industrial Equipment Electronic Repair49-2094$17.33$35.29
Industrial Machinery Mechanic49-9041$27.95$36.51
Machinery Maintenance49-9043$15.38$26.10
Maintenance & Repair Worker49-9071$14.85$27.89
Painter47-2141$16.92$29.13
Supervisor of Trades Workers47-1011$30.53$47.51
Production & TransportationSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Assembler & Fabricator51-209$13.38$18.60
Computer Controlled Machine Tool Operator51-4011$17.15$25.69
Industrial Truck & Tractor Operator53-7051$12.19$18.88
Machinist51-4041$34.30$46.22
Material Movers53-7062$10.30$16.47
Production Supervisor51-1011$24.14$36.32
Quality Inspector, Tester, Sorter, Sampler, Weigher51-9061$14.44$24.93
Truck Driver, Heavy53-3032$16.85$28.89
Truck Driver, Light53-3033$10.69$29.19
Welder, Cutter, Solderer, Brazer51-4121$15.75$27.87
Life & Physical ScienceSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Food Sciences Technologist19-1012$21.49$48.29
Environmental Science Technician19-4091$20.87$28.52
Healthcare Practitioners & TechnicalSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
LPN and LVN29-2061$24.09$31.42
Medical & Clinical Lab Technician29-2012$25.36$32.37
Medical Records Technician29-2071$20.34$29.09
Pharmacy Aides31-9094$17.37$26.92
Physical Therapist29-1123$46.08$59.37
Physical Therapist Assistant31-2021$37.56$36.10
Registered Nurse29-1141$52.44$74.82
Sales, Marketing, Design & RelatedSOC CodeStarting WageExperienced Wage
Commercial & Industrial Designer27-1021$27.81$37.23
Graphic Designer27-1024$19.74$29.94
Retail Salesperson41-2031$9.45$13.45
Sales Rep (mfg. technical, scientific)41-4011$29.46$63.03
Sales Rep (services, all other)41-3099$17.29$31.11
Source: State of California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division, Employment and Wages Occupations, 1st Quarter 2016 data for Butte County/MSA, July 2016. *Standard Occupational Code

Wage Comparison by Occupation

Wage Comparison by Occupation
OccupationsSolano Co.Alameda CoNapa CoSacramento CoSan Francisco Co
Wages by Percentile25%75%25%75%25%75%25%75%25%75%
Management Occupations
General and Operations Managers$32.06$63.94$38.83$87.47$35.03$74.01$32.45$62.08$41.08n/a
Marketing Managers$42.19$87.66$60.34n/a$49.81$84.52$33.03$76.21$66.71n/a
Sales Managers$22.41$53.57$42.66n/a$41.98>$90.00$28.83$71.37$46.12n/a
Administrative Services Managers$40.32$62.85$33.99$60.59$30.61$54.33$31.31$52.19$36.20$69.10
Computer and Information Systems Managers$37.57$66.87$53.38>$90.00$42.87$73.72$51.01$72.37$69.01n/a
Industrial Production Managers$37.56$56.79$35.59>$70.24n/an/a$34.74$62.43$47.31$80.23
All Other Manager Occupations$44.49$71.54$50.45$84.27$38.29$73.44$29.51$62.86$52.66$83.39
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Accountants and Auditors$28.73$45.19$29.56$37.80$27.96$45.33$25.89$40.65$32.02$52.55
Purchasing Agents$24.19$43.09$27.99$46.34$28.47$42.36$25.01$43.96$31.81$50.60
Human Resources Specialists$26.77$44.20$27.63$49.08$27.77$43.64$25.16$41.99$31.31$52.25
Management Analysts$28.82$50.58$32.08$58.03$27.19$55.03$27.11$34.17$37.01$73.51
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists$22.84$39.40$27.76$58.96$24.59$44.55$22.02$43.97$29.81$59.65
All Other Business & Financial Operation Occupations$28.19$49.06$29.20$54.44$23.75$43.62$27.21$44.99$33.26$58.01
Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Computer Systems Analysts$36.66$46.42$33.37$56.80$30.84$45.36$33.90$44.21$43.20$67.13
Software Developers, Applications$46.30$60.56$46.91$72.42$37.50$61.32$42.09$60.22$44.14$70.27
Computer Programmers$40.21$57.22$32.35$60.05n/an/a$34.56$44.21$40.07$67.57
Database Administrators$37.57$57.17$32.17$58.73$31.03$68.00$29.57$50.47$38.74$66.01
Network and Computer Systems Administrators$31.81$49.85$40.73$61.60$31.44$47.14$30.61$48.61$39.08$64.08
All Other Computer & Mathematical Occupations$23.67$53.02$38.03$65.73$19.35$56.97$27.93$50.41$38.71$63.93
Engineering Occupations 
Industrial Engineers$36.58$59.63$36.84$58.83$35.38$57.56$34.62$55.37$41.59$61.73
Mechanical Engineers$34.88$54.00$39.84$59.62$29.94$49.81$35.13$55.78$37.17$63.73
Mechanical Drafters$23.02$35.01$21.44$39.89n/an/a$21.21$34.40$26.42$42.60
Civil Engineering Technicians$27.28$44.39$26.61$36.94$28.50$47.90$25.90$37.21$25.45$30.31
All Other Engineering Occupations$38.09$66.04$42.22$70.76$39.34$46.74$41.17$60.39$43.28$73.94
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Food Scientists and Technologists$21.49$48.29$24.67$47.19$28.13$26.97$22.24$36.84$31.69$57.47
Soil and Plant Scientistsn/an/a$33.08$39.80$21.76$44.50$27.54$47.75n/an/a
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health$33.06$45.26$32.06$57.60$34.05$46.16$30.19$48.16$33.33$61.85
Agricultural and Food Science Techniciansn/an/a$17.37$28.93$20.52$25.52$16.77$24.18n/an/a
Biological Technicians$18.45$40.81$20.48$36.22n/an/a$15.70$23.22$27.14$42.92
All Other Life, Physical & Social Science Occupations$18.45$40.81$20.48$36.22n/an/a$15.70$23.22$27.14$42.92
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
First-Line Supervisors$20.95$34.46$23.64$38.61$26.12$31.08$30.77$38.22$25.73$39.98
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks$16.19$25.60$18.60$28.04$18.99$28.07$16.36$24.39$19.78$30.00
Customer Service Representatives$15.81$23.37$16.54$25.76$13.99$23.48$13.67$23.21$17.63$29.04
Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks$17.25$31.23$21.34$31.75$20.25$29.54$18.53$28.53$23.12$35.54
Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks$13.32$24.84$13.78$21.35$16.38$22.97$11.82$18.88$15.37$23.11
All Other Office & Administrative Support Occupations$9.60$14.82$10.61$23.32$10.63$16.79$9.56$13.99$11.63$21.92
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers$24.06$32.25$16.81$22.96$19.56$37.48$14.20$32.51$17.21$54.20
Agricultural Equipment Operators$13.53$21.17n/an/a$13.17$15.36$10.06$11.96n/an/a
Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse$9.40$10.89$9.55$15.74$10.67$14.21$9.44$11.17$11.42$14.72
Production Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers$24.14$36.32$21.72$43.23$26.06$42.98$20.64$36.23$23.72$48.19
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fittersn/an/a$16.96$24.50n/an/a$15.09$27.20n/an/a
Team Assemblers$11.25$19.53$12.24$25.88$15.66$32.92$11.49$17.18$12.95$20.68
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic$17.15$25.69$15.06$26.99n/an/a$15.46$22.77$17.94$26.58
Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic$12.98$23.66$12.72$19.04n/an/a$13.09$17.74$11.59$26.38
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic$11.72$18.24$13.38$19.65n/an/a$12.97$18.75$11.06$14.77
Machinists$34.30$46.22$18.90$33.47$12.14$28.75$18.82$31.74$16.92$39.24
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers$15.75$27.87$17.51$28.73$20.18$23.47$16.43$29.98$21.42$43.77
Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders$12.72$19.18$15.98$32.50n/an/a$13.87$22.03$14.52$26.85
All Other Production Operations Occupations$13.05$26.50$9.73$17.20n/an/a$10.65$18.75$9.91$23.68
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers,$15.66$28.95$20.09$37.41$18.18$19.69$10.99$21.53$12.77$24.44
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machinery$18.55$37.68$23.39$39.51$18.98$31.11$21.07$35.87$24.61$40.68
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand$10.30$16.47$11.16$19.45$10.74$16.63$10.10$17.40$11.84$17.36
All Other Transportation and Material Moving Occupations$9.47$11.91$9.57$13.22$9.82$13.60$9.62$17.03$10.25$10.25
Source: State of California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division. Employment and Wages Occupations, 1st Quarter 2016 data, July 2016. *Standard Occupational Code

State Labor Laws

No surprises! Here is a brief summary of state employment requirements that may affect your payroll costs. Please consult with the agencies listed for the most up-to-date details. Additional information about personal taxes, business taxes and licensing can be found under Government.

Employment Taxes & Mandated Benefits
Disability Insurance0.9% (employee wage deduction)
Based on $106,742 taxable wages, 
limit is $980/employee per calendar year
California Employment
Development Department
Employment Training Tax0.1% (employee wage deduction)
The taxable wage limit us $7,000/ 
employee per calendar year
California Employment
Development Department
Unemployment Insurance

1.5%-6.2% on 1st $7,000/ employee per 
calendar year, based on an employer’s 
experience rating and the balance in 
the UI Fund.


3.4% for new employers for 2-3 years

California Employment 
Development Department
Workers' CompensationBased on payroll and occupationsCalifornia Department of 
Industrial Relations
Family LeaveEmployees covered by Disability 
Insurance (see above) are eligible for
up to six (6) weeks of paid family leave
to care for a seriously ill child, spouse,
parent or domestic partner, or to bond with 
a new minor child. Disability Insurance 
is paid by employee.
California Employment
Development Department
Source: California Employment Development Department (www.edd.ca.gov/), 2016 California Employer’s Guide, Publication DE 44 Rev. 42 (1-16) (www.edd.ca.gov/pdf_pub_ctr/de44.pdf); California Department of Industrial Relations (www.dir.ca.gov/default.html), July 2016